PMU Removal, also known as the removal of permanent makeup, is becoming an increasingly common topic for both consumers and pigment specialists. In this article, we will take you into the world of PMU Removal and share all the information you need to know. Ecuri Cosmetics, a leading company with 25 years of experience in PMU Removal, is eager to share its expertise with you.

On this page, we will discuss the two methods used for effectively removing PMU. We will also address the most common issues that arise during PMU procedures and provide solutions and prevention methods. In the animated video below you can see Laser and Needle removal technique:

Laser and Needle PMU video

  1. How pigment is applied to the upper layer of the skin, specifically the dermis.
  2. The encapsulation of pigment after 24 hours.
  3. How pigment is broken down with a laser and carried away through the lymphatic system.
  4. How pigment is broken down and carried away through the skin.

What is PMU laser Removal?

One well-known method of PMU removal is through the use of lasers. One such laser is the advanced Nd Yag laser. The advanced Nd Yag laser can address almost all PMU-related issues and can even achieve 100% removal. Here are some examples of common issues that can be treated with this technique:

  • Complete removal of tattoos
  • Color adjustments (e.g., removing red from eyebrows)
  • Lightening dark pigments
  • Partial removal (e.g., reducing overly thick or long eyebrows)
  • Correcting overly arched eyebrows
  • Removing post-radiation marking spots
  • Eliminating pigment spots
  • Treating fungal nails

How does PMU Laser Removal work?

The Nd Yag laser can remove artificially implanted pigments (such as tattoos or permanent makeup) and natural melanin (age spots). The laser breaks down the pigments into tiny fragments using laser light. During the treatment, a significant portion of the pigment is immediately expelled. Crusting occurs after the treatment, which also results in the shedding of pigment. Additionally, some of the pigment can be absorbed by the lymphatic system and exit the body.

Eyeliner Laser Removal Video

In this video, a customer is treated on the eyeliner area using the laser removal technique.

What is PMU Needle Removal?

Some pigments cannot be removed with lasers. In such cases, the needle removal technique can be used to remove or lighten the pigment.

This method involves the careful extraction of pigment particles using a needle. Skilled technicians use specialized techniques to extract the pigment from the skin, gradually fading and removing the PMU. Needle removal is particularly effective for small corrections, lightening dark or grayish eyebrows, removing green, purple, or blue eyeliners, and correcting the shape of lip pigmentation. Similar to laser treatment, the needle removal procedure is tailored based on the specific characteristics of the PMU and the client's needs.

How does PMU Needle Removal work?

With the needle removal technique (non-laser removal), the encapsulation around the pigment is dissolved, and the skin is kept slightly open for a longer period, allowing the body to partially remove and absorb the pigment. After the treatment, the skin may be red and swollen, requiring a few days to recover. The complete healing of the skin typically takes about 4 to 6 weeks, so it is important to adhere to this period before considering any further treatment.

Common problems


A phenomenon where pigment particles can shift and spread over time, resulting in undesired displacement beyond the intended area. Here's an example of a customer treated for migration:

Rapid fading of pigment:

Despite the name suggesting permanence, it's normal for permanent makeup to fade over time. That's why color refresh appointments are necessary.

Incorrect shaping or design:

A common issue that occurs when PMU artists lack sufficient training in pre-drawing and marking, especially for eyebrows. The best way to prevent this is by getting PMU done by an experienced professional.

Undesired undertones:

Due to the natural undertones of the skin, healed PMU results can display unwanted blue, gray, orange, or pink hues. To minimize this, it's crucial to have it done by an experienced PMU professional.


Insufficient training or improper pigment application, especially in microblading and PMU, can lead to scarring. To minimize this, it's essential to have it done by an experienced PMU professional.


How many treatments are needed to completely remove the pigment?

The number of treatments required to fully remove permanent makeup (PMU) varies from person to person. Several factors come into play, such as the type of PMU, color, depth, and the skin's response to the treatment. For most individuals, two treatments are sufficient to remove the undesired color from the skin. Sometimes it can be faster, while in other cases, more than two treatments may be needed, especially if a significant amount of pigment or tattoo pigment was used.